Plastic effect our environmental and also impacts our environment. The plastic is non-biodegradable, it can remain in the atmosphere for a exceedingly long time and so plastic poses risks to the environment and human health, It is also difficult to reuse and/or recycle in practice. Over 8.3 billion tonnes of plastic has been produced since 1950, and about 60% of that has ended up in landfills or in the natural environment.
According to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), India generates close to 26,000 tonnes of plastic a day and over 10,000 tonnes a day of plastic waste remains uncollected.Plastic wastes have profoundly affected animals in aquatic, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. About 70% of the plastic waste was collected; 60% was recycle. It is likely that the actual daily generation of the plastic of the plastic waste is much more.
Plastic recycling is the process of recovering waste or scrap plastic and reprocessing it into useful products. It offers several benefits like:
- Economic benefits due to value addition
- Generates employment
- Reduces depletion of fossil fuel reserves.
- Reduces landfill problems
- Recycling of plastics requires less energy
Plastic Waste Management Rules
- These rules were framed in 2016 which extended the responsibility to collect waste generated from the products to their producers (i.e persons engaged in the manufacture, or import of carrying bags, multi-layered packaging and sheets or like and the persons using these for packaging or wrapping their products) and brand owners.
- This rules have been extended to villages as well. Earlier, it was limited to municipal districts.
- Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has been mandated to formulate the guidelines for thermoset plastic (plastic difficult to recycle).
- Plastic packaging constitutes more than 40% of the total plastic waste generated in India and it is important that a direction is issued to the e-retailers that they should stop using plastic packaging materials and shift to environment-friendly packaging materials and shift to environment-friendly packaging option.
- Provide intensive to the alternative industry by introducing tax rebates or other conditions to support its transition from plastic industry.
- Use revenues collected from taxes or levies on single-use plastics to maximize the public good, thereby supporting environmental projects or boosting local recycling with the funds and creating jobs in the plastic recycling sector with seed funding.
- Monitor and adjust the plastic waste management measure if necessary and update the public on progress.