India- a state where the population is rising at an exponential rate and with this increase in population, the waste generation is also increasing at an alarming rate. As per statistics, India generates 62 million tonnes of waste (MSW) annually, and it has been predicted that this will reach 165 million tonnes in 2030.

Waste management consists of steps needed to manage waste from start to final disposal. This includes the collection, transport, treatment, and disposal of waste, together with monitoring and regulation of the waste management process. The aim is to reduce waste generation and recycle it for better use.


Waste is divided into three types: solid, liquid, or gas. Waste management requires managing various types of waste such as industrial, biological, and household. In some cases, waste can pose a threat to human health. Waste is mostly produced by human activity. Waste management serves to reduce the ill effects of waste on the environment, human health, or aesthetics.

Waste management practices vary greatly in different regions of the country depending upon the waste generated and resources present for management. For example, urban and rural areas can all take different approaches.

Proper management of waste is essential for sustainable and livable cities, but it remains a challenge for many developing countries and cities. Effective waste management is quite costly, usually comprising 20%–50% of municipal budgets. Operating this essential municipal service requires integrated systems that are efficient, sustainable, and socially supported. In view of this, the World Bank finances and advises on solid waste management projects using a diverse suite of products and services, including traditional loans, results-based financing, development policy financing, and technical advisory. World Bank-financed waste management projects usually address the entire lifecycle of waste right from the point of generation to collection and transportation, and finally treatment and disposal.

A large portion of waste management practices deals with municipal solid waste (MSW) which is the bulk of the waste that is created by household, industrial, and commercial activity.


It is the primary step that one should practice in their daily life to make the waste management process simpler. Waste segregation basically means keeping wet and dry wastes separately, so that dry can be recycled and wet waste can be composted.

How do I practice waste management at home?

  • Keep different, properly labeled dustbins for dry and wet waste in the kitchen
  • Keep plastic from the kitchen clean and dry and drop into the dry waste bin. Keep glass /plastic containers rinsed of food matter
  • Send wet waste out of the home daily. Store and send dry waste out of the home, once a week.
  • Sanitary waste should be properly disposed in the paper.

By incorporating small but effective steps in our daily lifestyle, we can help build a better community!  

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