Objectives of Extended Producer Responsibility have been the essence of most policies and legislation which deals with the management of recyclable commodities. The growth in the consumption of diverse complex commodities since the past decade has led to serious environmental issues. Inadequate management of waste that is generated has also become a topic of concern for these policymakers. Various authorities have, for a few years, imposed the responsibility on the producers of commodities to overtake the duty of carrying out their end life management. The choice then lies with the producers, if they want to choose to delegate this responsibility to a third party, an organization known as Producer Responsibility Organization (PRO). It is defined as an organization that is authorized and financed by producers which takes the responsibility for the collection and channelization of e-waste obtained from the ‘end-of-life’ of their commodities to enable efficient management of such e-waste. It also helps producers in meeting their EPR targets through different processing technologies for plastic waste. A PRO is required to specify it’s capacity for handling of waste, including its capacity for collection, storage, and recycling with brands or producers it has arranged for recycling such waste. The regulation of PRO by CPCB is an excellent step in the process of management of waste. For the success of EPR and PRO, the management plays a pivotal role along with an effective regulatory framework that clearly defines the role of stakeholders and guidelines for producers.
The PRO helps and assists Producers/Brand Owners by:
- Successfully achieving collection targets.
- Enabling collection techniques like a door to door collection.
- Proper implementation of buyback/take back.
- Establishment of collection points like godowns or warehouses according to the policies of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).
- Arrangements of logistics.
- Enabling and ensuring sound methods of recycling.
- Spreading awareness by conducting programs on the collection and channelization of e-waste.
- Assisting brand owners in the filing of returns according to the rules.
- Providing with an extended producer’s responsibility plan.
Registration of PRO:
The form that has to be submitted to CPCB for registration of PRO is annexed with the guidelines for plastic and electronic waste management. The guidelines for plastic waste management, unlike those of e-waste management, stipulates following basic requirements:
- Registration from any statutory body
- A minimum of 5 years of experience in Waste Management
- Success stories for disposal of waste
- TAN, GST, and PAN numbers. However, for both cases, CPCB has the power to scrutinize, verify, and examine each application and make it’s decision individually. The estimated time for response by CPCB is 25 days.
Capacity and Capability of PRO/Agency:
a) A PRO/Agency should also specify its capacity for handling plastic waste, which includes a detailed description of the capacity for collection, storage, and recyclers with whom it has arrangements for recycling of plastic waste.
b) A PRO/Agency should also capable to channelize plastic waste for meeting the collection targets of its Producers/Brand Owners.
c) A PRO/Agency should reveal its organizational structure in terms of human resources, collection facilities, and infrastructures for collection, storage, and transportation of plastic
d) PRO/Agency should also provide information about its collection mechanism such as collection points/centers, details of reverse logistic agreements, etc.
e) PRO/Agency should be capable to carry out the public awareness initiatives and campaigns to promote the program and promote the disposal of plastic waste through various channels.
Therefore to conclude, Producer Responsibility Organization proves to be a an important aspect of Extended Producer Responsibility and plays an important role as it is responsible for carrying out collection, transportation and recycling of waste on behalf of the producers