For the purpose of banning the prevalence of single-use plastic straws, continuous efforts to control plastic pollution are being made by big organizations. International union for Conservation of Nature and the Life Cycle Initiative, being a project developed by United Nations Environment Programme, provides methods that help in identification of leakage hotspots and measuring their impact along the plastic value chain.
For people who are not aware of the term ‘hotspot’, it is nothing but a component of the system that, through indirect or direct mediums, contributes to plastic leakage and it’s detrimental effects. The guide provides a harmonized methodological framework that allows stakeholders at national and local levels to identify these leakages and their associated impacts along with appropriate actions. It also offers a scope for national and sub-national baselines which will help in monitoring plastic pollution and evaluating the success of these interventions. The basic elements of this methodology are the indentification of hotspots, prioritisation of areas of intervention for stopping the leakage and the instruments for good implementation of interventions.
IUCN’s Marine Plastics and Coastal Communities initiative organized a number of national workshops in Thailand, Vietnam, South Africa, Kenya and Mozambique from the beginning of December 2019 to March 2020. The first country where the methodology was tested is Vietnam on December 10, 2019 and the workshop started off with a presentation from Save our Seas. During group discussions, the participants had proposed interventions that were relevant to the current situation in Vietnam and ways in which they could improve the methodology. It was concluded that the aim of the hotspot methodology was to help Vietnam in prioritising the most beneficial methods that can generate impact .The UNEP and IUCN are tied and focused to enhance the harmonization of methodology at a higher level jointly with partners but at the same time supporting the collection and sharing of data for easy tackling of the problem. The final methodology, along with the revised guidelines and tools is estimated to be published in late 2020.