Australia a country of 2.5 crore people, produces approximately 2.7 tones of waste every year (according to a data obtained in 2017). A huge portion of this waste goes into the landfills and only few portion goes for recycling. As China and other countries closed their doors on accepting of contaminated recycling waste, Government and industries through out the world started to look for sustainable ways and solutions for the huge growing waste management needs.
The Council of Australian Governments ( COAG) have put ban on export of waste glass, mixed plastic, tires, cardboard and paper for 2 years this has led the industries to reduce waste to landfills and to increase domestic ways to recover recyclable materials. Manufacturers will play an important and big role in coming up with ways to minimize waste by increasing recycling opportunities.
Big corporations like Coco-Cola Australia and Procter & Gamble are also working towards developing 100% recycled materials in production by the year 2030. Another solution also include Energy-from-waste (EfW) which ensures to recover material that would otherwise end up in landfill. This technology will use red bin waste like mixed plastic, sanitary items which will help to generate electricity to power houses and also will reduce emission greenhouse gases by eliminating landfill.
Waste Management: Plastic
Australia has a vast coastal region. The plastic disposed of on the land may end up on the beach and ocean affecting the natural habitat of the aquatic life.
Australia uses nearly about 6.9 billion plastic bags per year. Most of these bags are shopping bags. Among these about 10% is the plastic waste is recycled and only 1% recycled plastic is reused. The remaining is disposed of as waste. Past 70 years about 6.9 billion tones of plastic waste is produced. It may take 450 years for the plastic to degrade or maybe it will take forever.
Plastic is banned on and around the beaches to avoid the dumping of plastic in the ocean. The new review on plastic waste was published known as Reconophalt. It is made of soft plastic, glass, toner and reclaimed road. It is a type of asphalt which is used in making a two-way pathway road. Each 1 Kilometre consumes about 168,000 glass bottles, 530,000 plastic bags and 12,500 ink toner cartridges. This is first one of its own kind road.
Microfactory is another invention made in the university of New South Wales. Microfactory is constructed to use recycled materials and plastic, to built and produce building products such as metal alloys, plastic filament and glass panel.