Plastic and biodiversity

More than 60 scientists from around the world contributed to a 2009 report, the first to offer a comprehensive review of the impact of plastics on the environment and human health, and to present possible solutions. “One of the most ubiquitous and long-lasting recent changes to the surface of our planet is the accumulation and fragmentation of plastics,” wrote David Barnes, a lead author and researcher for the British Antarctic Survey. Plastic is manufactured from the elements and chemicals derived from petroleum substances which is the reason behind it producing toxic effects through various chemical reactions from the initial production to its use and finally as a trash. This trash is finally disposed off into the water bodies which severly affects not only sea life but also sea salt. Today about 90% of the marine organisms are consuming plastic in some form. High level of microplastics are found in Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Most of the people burn plastic in an open space. This is very dangerous because plastic is made up of petrochemicals and when these are burnt lots of poisonous gas are being emitted and our air gets polluted. Inhaling of these poisonous gas will make humans prone to several diseases like lung infections, cancer, etc. Plastic is also very dangerous to our soil as these will remain in our Earth for many years and will destroy the fertility of our soil. It is the need of the hour to reduce the use of plastic in order to save the biodiversity. We should practice eco-friendly methods like the three R’s, Eco bricking, plastic craftwork, etc. to conserve our biodiversity for our future generations.

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