The Union Government has been working on new guidelines for extended producer responsibility(EPR), a globally standardised plastic pollution policy under which the manufacturer is responsible for recycling or disposing of plastics. The concept of EPR was introduced by amending the Plastic Waste Management Rules in 2016. As per the rules, ”producer” is defined as persons engaged in manufacture or import of carry bags or multi-layered packaging or plastic sheets and includes industries and individuals using plastic sheets or like or cover made of plastic sheets or multi-layered packaging for packaging .
- Some Provisions of EPR in the rules:- 1) The producer within a period of six months from the date of publications of rules, shall work out modalities for waste collection.
- Primary responsibility for collection of used multi-layered plastic sachets or pouches or packaging is of Producers, Importers and Brand owners who introduce the products in the market.
- Every producer shall maintain a record of details of the person engaged in supply of plastic used as raw material to manufacture carry bags or plastics sheet or like or cover made of plastic sheet or multi-layered packaging.
Target based approach for implementation of EPR has been adopted in the E-waste(Management)Rules, 2016. Phase wise collection target has been fixed for producers for the collection of e-waste, which can be either in number or weight and shall be 30% of the quantity of waste generation as indicates in EPR Plan during first two years of implementation of rules followed by 40% during third and fourth years, 50% during fifth and sixth years and 70% during seventh years onwards.
PRO( Producer Responsibility Organisation) means a professional organisation authorised or financed collectively or individually by producers, which can take the responsibility for collection and channelization of the e-waste generated from the end-of-life of their product .
EPR is a way to ensure that the polluter pays for the environmental impacts that its product causes. There has been a consensus recognition that EPR policies can actually stimulate product innovation and environmentally friendly design in reducing the use of materials, resources and energy by eliminating the use of toxins, extending the useful life cycle, increasing opportunities for the recovery and reuse of products.