In 2017, The World Health Organization published its first list of antibiotic resistance “priority pathogen” which poses a greater threat to human health, and hence the drugs are urgently needed for them. This list particularly highlights gram-negative bacteria that are resistant to multiple antibiotics. This list is divided into three categories that are the high, medium, and critical priority. This list includes so many bacteria like Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, and other Enterobacteriaceae such as E.coli, Klebsiella, Serratia, and Proteus. Because of these bacteria common diseases such as food poisoning and gonorrhea etc can occur.
So why should we bother?
We should !! Cause the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi founded them in the Yamuna river. A perennial river which is a lifeline of Delhi harbored some of these pathogens. They studied 20 major sewage drains of the river over two seasons at five major locations of Delhi that are Wazirabad, ITO, Okhla, Nizamuddin, and Sonia Vihar and isolated coliform bacteria. From there, Majorly Faecal coliform has been isolated in abundance from every sample which is usually found in the alimentary canal and faeces of a warm-blooded animal capable of producing gas from lactose in suitable culture. They also found bacteria that produce Beta-lactamases and carbapenemase enzymes that help bacteria stay resistant to commonly used antibiotics. And hence they are the major concern.
What’s the reason behind it?
They concluded, that it is the lack of poor sewage connectivity and drainage system that worsened the situation. Their research indicates an increase in bacterial total count from upstream to a downstream stretch of a river Yamuna. However the bacterial count at any location depends on the hydrological condition, anthropological activity prevents on that location at the time of sampling as well as on a discharge. The weather is an urban area where anthropogenic activity has been seen more and have a higher risk of having these bacteria as compared to the people who are living in a ruler area or where agricultural practices have been occurring.
So what’s the solution?
Manisha Lamba, the first of the people who completed her Ph.D. from the institute said that our existent treatment plans work well with controversial organic pollutants elect carbon nitrogen phosphorus but with changing times and needs they need to be upgraded.
This pandemic taught us a lot about our environment, our responsibility towards our future generations, and more. This pandemic made us realize that we can undo the damage we have to our society, to our mother earth only if we stop doing things the way we are doing, just by changing our attitude towards our earth, we all can make it a beautiful place to live.